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Importance of directions

Importance of eight directions in Vastu Shastra

According to Vaastu Shastra, the entire universe exists in endless space and has no direction whatsoever. However, on Earth our directions are defined with respect to the Sun. Vastu Shastra identifies eight cardinal directions on which all are activities are based, each of which has a particular significance. India is the only country where the 4 sub-directions also have a special name assigned to them just like the main directions. This emphasises the importance directions played in ancient times.

Orientation is very important in In the technology of Indian architecture. The basic rules of Vastu Shastra are based on the eight directions – Four principle directions:

North (Uttara, ruled by Lord Kuber, God of Wealth)
  South (Dakshina, ruled by Lord Yama, God of Death)
  East (Purva, ruled by Lord Indra, King of Gods, and Lord Aditya/Surya, God of Sun/Energy)
  West (Pashcima, ruled by Lord Varun, God of Rain/Water)

Four secondary directions:

  North-East (Ishanya,ruled by Lord Ishanya, God of All Quarters)
  North-West (Vayavya, ruled by Lord Vayu, God of Winds)
  South-East (Agneya, ruled by Lord Agni, God of Fire)
  South-West (Nairutya, ruled by Pitru or Ancestors)

Center Zone(Brahmasthan):

Brahmasthan is an important and significant part of plot which should be kept vacant and free from any construction. It is the main centre of any plot from where Vastu directions are determined which makes it extremely important point. According to Vastu this area of plot should be fixed for open space with no construction because Brahmasthan is the root of energies that are dispersed to every corner and surrounding of plot. So construction in the centre of plot means blocking the main energy that keeps a living place lively.


According to Vaastu, all the eight directions are governed by different gods who have their own respective influences on human beings as described below.

DirectionEmbodimentPresiding DeityElementRuling PlanetColorsTrees Plants
North/ UttaraProsperity and happiness, wealth and careerKuber (Lord of Wealth)Water (jal)Budha/ MercuryLight blue, light green, cream, beige, whitePakad, Neem, Bilva, Shami, Kaith, Tulsi
Northeast/ IshanyaKnowledge spiritual wealth source of power and healthIshvara (Lord of All Quarters, the Supreme Lord)Water (jal)Guru JupiterBright yellow bright whiteBasil, herbs
East/ PurvaEnlightenment, affluence fulfilment, seeing the worldAditya (god of energy/ Health) and Indra king of godsLight, powerRavi/ SunOrange, yellow, bright whiteLavender, Rose, Bergamot, Bamboo, Bargad
Southeast/ AgneyaHealth, women’s issues, source of heat and food energy generatingAgni(Lord of Fire)Fire-agniShukra/ VenusWarm colors, sky blue, yellow, silver whiteHerbs, mint, basil, rose, annar
South/ DakshinaNegativity problems suffering, legal affairs and struggleYama (Lord of Dharma and Death) prevents the evil eye from taking control of our livesEarthMarsAll earthy colors, brown pink, red, blueRose, Neem, Udumbura (goolar) Panas
Southwest/ Nairutya/ PitruFame, income, longevity, source of characterNairuthi (lord of dissolution) ruled by Pittru or ancestorsEarthRahuAll earthy colors, purple grey light green blueHeavy leaf bearing trees like Ashoka
West/ PaschimPoverty, lack of vitality and creativityVaruna (god of rain/ Waters)Air moistureShani/ SaturnPeach, dull white, light green, blueBilva, Kair, Neelgiri, Madhuka, Peepal
Northwest/ VayavyaCommunication, social life, source of change,Vayu (Wind)AirChandra MoonLight blue, dull white, pista greenSmall Plants
CenterBalance, creativity, spiritual growth and desireBrahma – creator of the universeSpaceRavi sunWhite, bright yellowTulsi